Students who have difficulty following directions are often helped by asking them to repeat the directions in their own words.
The following suggestions can help students understand directions: An outline, chart, or blank web can be given to students to fill in during presentations.
This helps students listen for key information and see the relationships among concepts and related information.
It helps the reader understand the main ideas and sort out the numerous details related to the main ideas.
A reading guide can be developed paragraph-by-paragraph, page-by-page, or section-by-section.
Directions, stories, and specific lessons can be recorded on tape.
The student can replay the tape to clarify understanding of directions or concepts.
Many commercial materials do not cue teachers to use explicit teaching procedures; thus, the teacher often must adapt a material to include these procedures.
Teachers can include explicit teaching steps within their lessons (i.e., present an advanced organizer, demonstrate the skill, provide guided practice, offer corrective feedback, set up independent practice, monitor practice, and review).
This technique prevents students from examining an entire workbook, text, or material and becoming discouraged by the amount of work.
Also, the teacher can reduce the amount of work when it appears redundant.
The task of gaining students’ attention and engaging them for a period of time requires many teaching and managing skills.